“The history of police work in the South grows out of this early fascination, by white patrollers, with what African American slaves were doing. Police, body of officers representing the civil authority of government. Boston authorized the original American police force in 1838. The police department is an institution that is integrated in the very fabric of American society. A Brief History of Policing in America. Law enforcement in the United States has changed drastically since its founding. Unfortunately, not everyone in American society views the police as the beneficial establishment they are supposed to be. But the police force in the United States does have a unique and racist history. All vital American centers possessed local police divisions by the 1880s. With police reform front and center in the national debate, it’s a good time to learn about the history of policing in the United States. The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder. New York City accompanied this in 1845, Albany, NY and Chicago in 1851, New Orleans and Cincinnati in 1853, Philadelphia in 1855, and Newark, NJ and Baltimore in 1857. Police typically are responsible for maintaining public order and safety, enforcing the law, and preventing, detecting, and investigating criminal activities. It's no secret that the police force has never had the best relationship with communities of color. During colonial times and the initial forming of the country, law enforcement’s role in local communities was carried out by volunteer groups and part-time officers who were privately funded by local community members.. The Encyclopedia of Police Science delves into the history of constables in the colonies: In the American colonies the constable was the first law … The United States is not, of course, the only country in the world with racism and police brutality. Just as America glorifies the military and Wall Street, and some Americans whitewash the confederate flag and plantation homes, the history of policing is steeped in blood. Police are often also entrusted with various licensing and regulatory activities. Most law enforcement was, by definition, white patrolmen watching, catching, or beating black slaves.” The process of how one became a patroller differed throughout the colonies.
2020 history of police in america