(2013) investigated natural enemies of R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(5):767-775, Misra LP, Sharma VK, 1970. obcordatus (Franch) Focke, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Paste of the roots is applied externally to wounds. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. September 2015. Reports from India indicate that R. ellipticus fruits are consumed by local residents (Tewari et al., 1979; Parmar and Kuashal, 1982; Ansari and Nand, 1987), that it is also commercially cultivated in India (Asha Bisht and Jain, 2006), and that nectar sugar is derived from R. ellipticus blossoms (Gupta and Thakur, 1987) and it is a valuable honey plants (Kala, 2007). Rubus ellipticus var. Two new virus diseases of Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus) from Kumaon hills. Juices can also be used to treat coughs, fevers, colic and sore throat. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, 155-188, Kala CP, 2007. Wu Kai, Zhang Jun, Zhang GuoAn, Ding JianQing, 2014. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Yellow Himalayan raspberry is a stout, weakly climbing, and evergreen shrub producing a bunch of stout, heavily armed, upright, biennial stems from a woody rootstock. SAPIA News, No. The species was introduced to Malawi, Africa, where it reportedly threatens natural forest succession (Edwards, 1985). Mannavan Shola, Anamudi Shola National Park, Kerala, south India. September 2015. Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. obcordatus may also exceed 4 m in height in Hawaii, but has smaller leaves than var. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Focke WO, 1910. The succulent, edible fruit of R. ellipticus suggests that the probability of intentional introduction appears much greater than any risk of long-range accidental introduction. It is often found in Pine forests of the region. May 2014. Apidologie, 18:223-229, IABIN, 2015. Thus, vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year. The golden Himalayan raspberry’s origin is in the temperate Himalayas region, and is native to native of south-east Asia, found in the Himalayas from Pakistan to Nepal to southern China, as well as Bhutan, Burma, India, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. R. ellipticus encroaches upon rice fields in China and elsewhere in Asia if farmers do not manually control this bramble. In: SAPIA News, 2-3. http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007. However, researchers in Nepal and the Himalayan foothills of northern India conceded that whereas fruit of wild R. ellipticus is consumed to some extent as human food, this species is more often regarded as an undesirable weed to be removed where encroachment becomes a problem. It has been introduced to several places but is listed as invasive only in the Hawaiian Islands so far, having become established on Hawai’i and been found in several places on Maui. The Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, 5:25-28, Sharma BB, Varshney MD, Gupta DN, Prakash, AO, 1983. Rubus species are used in folk medicine such as diabetes mellitus, inflammatory disorders and ulcers. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Online Database. These include the red bristles on the stems (no bristles in R. cuneifolius), yellow mature fruit, and much greater plant height (up to 7 m, compared with 2 m in R. cuneifolius). Although at present, R. ellipticus var. Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN). The ability of this species to fix nitrogen was reported in Pakistan (Becking, 1979, 1984), which would be noteworthy for a non-leguminous plant, though no root nodules were found on R. ellipticus in subsequent observations (Chaudhary et al., 1981). It is also listed as one of the 100 of the world’s worst invasive alien species’ in the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) of the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Online Database. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007. March 2012. ellipticus and R. ellipticus var. http://www.prota4u.info. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Edwards I, 1985. http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/worst_100/english_100_worst.pdf, Lu L, 1983. VAScular Tropicos database. + appendices. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Becking J H, 1979. It encroaches into cultivated areas, where it would probably become more densely established were it not for the diligence of local farmers who remove it as a weed.
2020 ibanez m522sbs f style mandolin review