Not much has changed about spaniels in general over the years, as can be seen in this 1921 entry in Collier's New Encyclopedia: Their distinguishing characteristics are a rather broad muzzle, remarkably long and full ears, hair plentiful and beautifully waved, particularly that of the ears, tail, and hinder parts of the thighs and legs. [6] In addition, the Blue Picardy is a little faster, and has a slightly finer nose. There's a reason the English cocker spaniel … FCI classifies most other dogs of the spaniel type as flushing or water dogs (Group 8, sections 2 and 3).[10]. The issue of how a short-muzzled dog could evolve into a longer-muzzled dog is addressed by pointing to the evolution of the King Charles Spaniel into the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in less than a century. A Blue Picardy Spaniel on average is around 22–24 inches (56–61 cm) high at the withers and weighs 43–45 pounds (20–20 kg). 1.2) because they function more like setters which "freeze" and point to game. Colonel David Hancock[7] adds a belief that the sporting type of spaniel originated in China from the short-faced ancestors of dogs such as the Pekinese, Pug and Shih Tzu. "Epagneul" and "Épagneul" redirect here. [3] Theories on the origin of the Welsh Springer Spaniel support this theory, as it is believed that the breed specifically is a direct descendant of the "Agassian hunting dog" described in the hunting poem Cynegetica attributed to Oppian of Apamea, which belonged to the Celtic tribes of Roman Britain:[5], There is a strong breed of hunting dog, small in size but no less worthy of great praise. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is named after King Charles II of England. Spaniels were especially bred to flush game out of denser brush. [3], Sixteenth-century English physician John Caius wrote that the spaniels of the time were mostly white, marked with spots that are commonly red. 1998 / GB", Espagneuls Picards, Bleus de Picardie & Pont Audemer Club (In French), Nederlandse Vereniging Epagneul Bleu de Picardie (In Dutch),, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 June 2020, at 06:35. Both the forequarters and the hindquarters are well muscled. Similar in the modern era due to the close similarities of the two different breed standards. The King Charles is a small variety of the spaniel used as a lapdog. Recognised by … Breeds in this group include the Blue Picardy Spaniel, the French Spaniel, the Brittany, the Pont-Audemer Spaniel, and the Small Münsterländer. The English spaniel is a superior and very pure breed. [8][self-published source? This Spaniel was officially classified as a French Spaniel, and was shown at the Paris Canine Exposition. [15], In France, the Blue Picardy was recognised as a separate breed in 1938,[15] and there are about 1000 puppies born in France each year. English Cocker and Springer Spaniels. It is especially good with children. It is descended from Picardy Spaniels and English Setters, and is described as a quiet breed that requires much exercise due to its stamina. Land spaniels were setting spaniels—those that crept forward and pointed their game, allowing hunters to ensnare them with nets, and springing spaniels—those that sprang pheasants and partridges for hunting with falcons, and rabbits for hunting with greyhounds. Similar to the Picardy Spaniel, it has a distinctive coloured coat. These the wild tribes of Britons with their tattooed backs rear and call by the name of Agassian. Spaniels had existed in England for many centuries but the Cocker Spaniel was not recognised as a breed until 1892.
2020 spaniel representative species