44 Best Cut Flowers for Cutting Garden | Types of Cut... Keep the soil moist but avoid overwatering. It also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in balancing the humidity of your space. This species of the genus Ficus, the Ficus pumila, is a fast-growing vine that is mostly woody in nature. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Pests. What many people do not know, however, is whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, shrubs, bushes or vines. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. Trees of the same species are regarded as Ashvattha or the “world’s tree” in Hinduism. The origin of the Ficus is from South-East Asia, you can find this plant mainly in Indonesia. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. Culturally speaking, the Ficus fruit is a traditional yield of Israel and is named in the list of food that was found in the Promised Land, in accordance with the Torah. Propagation: F. elastica can be propagated by cuttings or air layers (Brickel and Zuk 1996). Types of Ficus Trees. 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a delightful, indoor house plant with small, lush green leaves with a leathery feel. 1. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Keep the plant near a sunny spot, preferably an east-facing window. In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. Make sure the plant receives bright and indirect sunlight. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. This ficus variety needs indirect lighting or partial shade positions. This fruit is of significant importance in the areas where it is cultivated for different reasons both culturally as well as religiously. Small, immature specimens are often cultivated as houseplants for their attractive … This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. It originates in East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and China. The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. In such cases, fig trees absorb the water and help cool the atmosphere of hot places. Ficus benjamina is the most famous out of all the other Ficus tree kinds. Creeping Fig. The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. The common fig tree has also been cited in the Bible, and it is believed that Adam and Eve covered their bodies with leaves from a Ficus tree. These medium to large-sized ornamental plants also help in improving the air quality indoors. See more ideas about Ficus elastica, Ficus, Planting flowers. Avoid it’s exposure to sudden temperature variations. The fruits of this … In this video I share with you my care tips for one of my favorite houseplants today. Also, it helps in purifying the air quality of your home. Avoid changing the location of the plant frequently. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. Bengal Fig is an astounding ornamental indoor plant, featuring olive-shaped leaves with a leathery touch. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. Ficus elastica or rubber ficus tree. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. The Buddha is said to have found enlightenment while meditating under a Ficus tree. If you see the yellowing of leave s, decrease the amount of water that you are adding. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Yep, even rubber is a fig tree! Other facts about Ficus Elastica Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. Ficus Elastica has some large shiny leaves. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. Native to the tropical regions of Africa, African Fig is a small, pretty plant, with dark green rounded leaves and an attractive, flashy green foliage. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. Other Names: Ficus callescens, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus rederi, River’s Gift. Botanical Name: Ficus benghalensis Audrey, Other Names: Banyan Tree, Strangler Fig, Audrey. Edible species of Ficus include Ficus auriculata (edible young leaves and female fruit), F. callosa (edible young leaf) and F. oligodon (edible mature female fruit), while Ficus semicordata is used both as edible fruit, but also for its roots, which are used to treat bladder diseases. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddleleaf Fig, is revered in the groovy design world but we know many find it a challenge to grow. The Ficus elastica is the one Ficus that I have included on my list of best house plants. It prefers moderate temperatures for development, around 60 to 72°F (15 to 22°C). It belongs to the Moraceae family (Mulberry-like species). It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower … Now you know why the fig tree is revered and given so much importance across different religions and cultures across the globe. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a ... 2. Ficus elastica 'Burgundy'. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. 3. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. 5. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. Fiddle Leaf Fig is a great pick when it comes to choosing a perfect indoor plant for your living room or office. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. Jan 27, 2020 - Explore Tammy Finch's board "Ficus Elastica", followed by 2177 people on Pinterest. Ficus congesta or the cluster figs trees are trees indigenous to Indonesia and the Philippines. You might also come across some of the variegated Rubber Plant types. How to Care for a Ficus Robusta. Fiddle Leaf Figs or Ficus lyrata: The Fiddle Leaf Fig has become one of the most popular houseplants of all time.This is largely due to the massive dark green leaves. Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. Although the rubber tree (Ficus elastica) can reach 100 feet tall, it is a popular houseplant with thick, leathery leaves. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. Those leaves can take a mottled shape sometimes. Other Names: Weeping Fig, Benjamin Fig, Ficus Tree. Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. Ficus Alii Plant. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. Avoid exposure to bright and direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. Water the plants moderately and avoid overwatering. The leaves of the Ficus Ali plant are long, narrow shaped and are olive green in color. Rubber Plant. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. In its natural habitat, it can grow 50 to 100 feet with an enormous canopy of draping, foot-long oval leaves. It can also be found in Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and parts of the USA. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. To show off the contrast of the variegation, plants need to be in plenty of light. Many plant owners either use their fingers to test the dryness of the soil, while others opt for a water meter. You have entered an incorrect email address! Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. More specific named highlights include the compact Ficus Decora, and the dark green almost black leaved Black Prince and Ficus Burgundy. Ficus elastica, common name Rubber Tree or Rubber Plant, is really the easiest Ficus to keep and care for, whether in the home or in an office. Botanical Name: Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii.’, Other Names:  Amstel King, Ficus Amstel, Saber Ficus, Banana-Leaf Ficus. Wipe the leaves regularly with a cloth to avoid the accumulation of dust. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. Ficus Elastica Melany Origin.
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